Instructions: Refer to the resources indicated to answer the following questions on a bell work worksheet. The title of this bell work is "Gothic Architecture Review Questions." Please number your answers. You do not have to write the question.
1. Map: In what country is the Cologne cathedral?
2. Timeline: How many years did it take builders of the Cologne cathedral to finish it?
3. Foursquare: What large cathedral in Paris did the Notre Dame cathedral replace?
4. Map: In what city can the Notre Dame Cathedral be found?
5. Timeline: Which cathedral was built in the shortest amount of time?
6: Foursquare: Why did Christians once worship in secret in Paris, France?
7: Map: In what country is the Chartres cathedral?
8: Map: Who worked to build the Notre Dame Cathedral?
9: Timeline: Which bishop was called to office in 1160?
10: Timeline: What year did they begin construction on the Notre Dame cathedral?
11: Thumbnails: What is the function (purpose) of a parapet?
12: Thumbnails: What basic shape is a rose window?
13: Thumbnails: What is the difference between an arch and a pointed arch?
14: Thumbnails: Gargoyles were meant to scare off evil spirits, yet they performed a second function for the cathedral. What did they do?
15. Memory: Why is a cathedral built so those who worship inside are facing the east?
16: Website: From a bird's eye view a Gothic cathedral is what basic, symbolic shape?
17: Pointed Arches, Flying Buttresses, and Rib Vaults were all new to architecture during the Gothic era. What one thing did they all allow architects to do?
18: Tablet: What is the diameter (in meters) of the south rose window in the Notre Dame cathedral?
19: Tablet: What is the diameter (in feet) of the south rose window in the Notre Dame cathedral? (Search "meters to feet" on Google)
20: Tablet: How tall (in feet) is one story in an average building today?
Christianity was introduced to Paris, formerly known as Lutetium, in the 3rd century. There were enough Christians in the year 250 for Pope Fabian to send the first bishop, Dyonisius, to Paris. He became Saint Denis, the patron saint of the city. At the time, Christians were persecuted. The bishop Denis had to practice the faith in secret, probably in a simple room in a house. Denis was killed a few years later with his helpers. His successors lived in hiding until the Emperor Constantine declared peace with the Church in 313. It was then possible to build Christian cathedrals.
Although several were known to be built in those early years, the Cathedral of Saint Stephen was the largest and most important. However, in the mid-12th century, under the reign of Louis VII, the current bishop made an extremely important decision: he decided to build a new cathedral. It would be much longer and taller than the previous one, since the new architectural techniques that were gaining favour, the ogival style, commonly known as the gothic style today, allowed it. That cathedral would become known as the Notre Dame Cathedral (1163-1182).